Our second computing grant in CSCS (Swiss National supercomputer) has been accepted.
These materials appear to be thermodynamically stable and, in spite of possessing different crystal structures and different atomic environments, they retain the magnetic moment of the corresponding elemental rare-earth metal. We find both magnetic metals and semiconductors, with a wide range of magnetic moments and some systems posses record high magnetic anisotropy energies. Further tuning of the electronic and magnetic properties can also be expected by doping with other rare-earths or by creating solid solutions. The synthesis of these exotic materials with unusual compositions would not only extend the accepted stability domain of perovskites, but also open the way for a series of applications enabled by their rich physics. This work is now published in the new open access Journal of Physics: Materials (JPhys Materials, from IOP Science).
In this work we present an application of density-functional theory for superconductors (SCDFT) to superconductivity in hydrogenated carbon nanotubes and fullerane (hydrogenated fullerene). We show that these systems are chemically similar to graphane (hydrogenated graphene) and like graphane, upon hole doping, develop a strong electron phonon coupling. This could lead to superconducting states with critical temperatures approaching 100 K. However this possibility depends crucially on if and how metallization is achieved.
(Left) Real space anomalous potential ∆ (R, s) (left) and order parameter χ (R, s) (center and right) as a function of the Cooper pair center of mass R. On the top (a–c) an xy cut of the tube and on the bottom (d–f) a vertical cut of the tube. The doping level (rigid shift) is indicated on the top. The value of the functions is given according to the colorscale in the center (left scale refers to the left plot and the two right scales to the two right plots. A white dashed line in the a–c plots indicates the cut shown on the (d–f) plots.
This work is dedicated to Hardy Gross who, not only jointly invented SCDFT, but also devoted a large effort to develop the theoretical framework into a fully functioning method, investigating functionals, extensions and transforming it into a useful and predictive tool in material science.