Category: Social

Granted supercomputer project in Europe’s fastest supercomputer!

Our third computing grant, the second one in CSCS (Swiss National supercomputer), has been accepted! The project proposes a vital study of unconventional high-performance p-type transparent conductor materials. For the following 2 years, we will have access to 1.4 Million computing node hours in the fastest supercomputer in Europe! The supercomputer is hosted by the Swiss National …

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Enhancing transparent copper iodide, available dopants?

In our most recent work, the zinc blende phase of copper iodide (CuI) was investigated using a computational high-throughput approach. This material notably holds the record hole conductivity for intrinsic transparent p-type semiconductor. In our study, eight impurities suitable for n-type doping were discovered. Unfortunately, the work reveals that donor doping is hindered by compensating …

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Review on high-Tc superconductors: Methods and Materials

I am very excited to finally release my latest work that has been running on parallel for more than a year. Notably, the last five months have been of an intense, insane amount of work. The number of hours invested in this work has been many more from the initially planned. I wish to thank …

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Transparente Elektronik gewinnt an Fahrt

This research is featured in CSCS (National supercomputer center of Switzerland) here: link and other sites such as PhysOrg and HPCwire! German version:  An transparenter Elektronik wird intensiv geforscht. Sie steht für perfektes Design elektronsicher oder optischer Geräte. Forscher der Universität Basel haben nun mit Hilfe von Computersimulation auf dem Supercomputer «Piz Daint» chemische Elemente identifiziert, …

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Revealing unexplored dopants in semiconducting materials

The advancement of transparent electronics, one of the most anticipated technological developments for the future, is currently inhibited by a shortage of high-performance p-type conductors. In materials, doping is the intentional introduction of impurities into an intrinsic semiconductor for the purpose of modulating its electrical and optical and structural properties. Recent demonstration of tin monoxide as …

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Emergence of Perovskite (MAPI) phases upon little compression

Perovskites are among the most promising and versatile class of candidate compounds for new or improved materials in energy applications, including photovoltaics, superconductivity, and lasing. With the general formula ABX3, the perovskite structure consists of corner-sharing BX6 octahedra forming a three-dimensional (3D) framework that provides room for the A units in the resulting cuboctahedral cavities. …

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Doping polyethylene, the next superconductor?

High pressure is an exciting field that has evolved incredibly far since the pioneering work of Cailletet, Amagat and Bridgman. A substantial amount of research in the field of high pressure (post-Bridgman era) was triggered by the tantalizing idea of metalizing hydrogen (Wigner and Huntington transition) which dates back to the mid 30’s. The metalization …

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Structures of exohedrally decorated C60-Fullerenes

In our most recent publication we studied the exohedrally metal decorated carbon-fullerenes. These systems are a promising material for its good hydrogen adsorption (high concentrations and with optimal binding energies) properties. Since their geometry and type of coverage play a key role in determining the H2 adsorption mechanism, in this paper just accepted in Carbon …

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Searching hole-electron substitutional dopants for TCO technologies

The combination of optical transparency and high electrical conductivity enables transparent conductive oxide (TCO) materials to be used for a wide range of applications -from simple smart window coatings to OLEDs and futuristic see-through displays.  Doped tin-dioxide (SnO2) is an important semiconductor that is already used for these applications. However, in order to uncover the …

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Piz Daint 3rd fastest supercomputer

The supercomputer ranking published on 19 June 2017, places Switzerland’s 19.6 petaflop Piz Daint supercomputer third in the world after Sunway TaihuLight and Tianhe 2, two Chinese supercomputers. Piz Daint’s recent upgrades allowed it to climb five positions up the ranking. With a performance of 93 petaflops, China’s TaihuLight is by far the most powerful number-cruncher …

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Cornell 2017: Hoffmann, Ashcroft, Mermin

During my days in Ithaca (Cornell University), I had the great opportunity to show part of my research work. I decided to present the research I had just finished at that time about the possibility to induce a metallic state in ice under pressure and upon doping; thinking that I could attract more attention and …

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Computing allocation in CSCS granted for my project !

Our first computing grant was just accepted by the CSCS! Last year I submitted a project requesting for 700 thousand computing nodes hours to run an exploration over hundreds of molecules. These systems are candidates to test under pressure, and upon doping for the potential to become high temperature superconductors. Last march 24th (2017) our …

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H2O ice as superconductor? yes, superconducting water !

We have recently investigated the possibility of achieve high-temperature superconductivity in hydrides under pressure by inducing metallization of otherwise insulating phases through doping, a path previously used to render standard semiconductors superconducting at ambient pressure. Following this idea, we study HO, which is one of the most abundant and well-studied substances in the universe! We …

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Lindau Nobel Laureate Physics Meeting 2016

Probably one of the most excited week of my life. For many reasons and in many contexts that week in Lindau was simply: magical. After the semester ends, and with new projects in hands, with two nice papers ready to submit, summer that knocks the door, and personally ready to turn on the page.  All …

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First Superhydrides meeting in Rome

In past May (2016) I attended the first edition of the International Workshop in “Superhydrides  Towards Room Temperature Superconductivity: Hydrides and More” . This was a very important meeting because it gathers the world-wide experts (experimentalists and theoreticians) in this matter. The urgent of the meeting was motivated by the 200 K superconductivity discovered only …

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International collaboration demonstrates reliability of quantum simulations for materials design

An international collaboration with colleagues from over 30 universities and institutes to investigated to what extent quantum simulations of material properties agree when they are performed by different researchers and with different software. Thanks to an online collaboration, they successfully demonstrated that the most recent generations of codes agree well, in contrast to earlier generations. …

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Google’s neural network beats humans at the ancient game of Go

A neural net system built by Google has beaten the European champion in the Chinese game of Go, winning five out of five games and crossing a new threshold for machine intelligence. In a recent paper published in Nature,  DeepMind researchers revealed how the system was constructed and how it was able to succeed where …

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Yet another superconductor above 100 K ?

Following the recent discovery of very high temperature conventional superconductivity in sulfur hydride (critical temperature Tc of 203 K). Experimentalist have shown results on the covalent hydride phosphine (PH3) which also exhibits a high Tc > 100 K at pressure P > 200 GPa. However, neither the exact composition nor the crystal structure of the …

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Superconductivity under high pressure at minus 70 degrees Celsius

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz and the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz observed that hydrogen sulfide becomes superconductive at minus 70 degree Celsius —when the substance is placed under a pressure of 1.5 million bar. This corresponds to half of the pressure of the earth’s core. With their high pressure experiments …

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Thesis defense

Bonjour a tous! Je suis très content de pouvoir inviter toutes les personnes intéressantes que j’ai rencontré ici, à Lyon et de manière générale en France à deux événement très importants dans ma vie. D’abord, la soutenance publique de ma thèse, et deuxièmement le fameux pot de thèse. La soutenance de thèse se dérouleront dans …

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